Histology-World!

 

 

 

Histology Glossary

 

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Eccrine sweat gland
Sweat glands distributed over almost all the body

Elastic cartilage
A type of cartilage in which there are elastic fibers in the matrix

Elastic fiber
A type of fiber found in cartilage and connective tissue which gives the tissue elasticity

Elastin
Protein found in elastic fibers

Endocardium
Lining of the heart

Endocrine gland
Ductless gland; secretes hormones

Endocytosis
The process by which large particles are brought into cells

Endometrial glands
Glands found in the epithelial lining of the uterus

Endometrium
Lining of the uterus

Endomysium
Connective tissue covering a muscle fiber

Endoneurium
Connective tissue which surrounds individual nerve fibers and associated Schwann cells

Endoplasmic reticulum
Organelle within cells; two varieties: smooth and rough

Endosteum
Lining of bone

Endothelium
Simple squamous epithelium lining the heart, blood vessels, and lymphatic vessels

Enterochromaffin cells
APUD cells with granules which are seen with chromium and sliver salts

Eosin
Eosin is an acid stain which binds to and stains basic structures (or negatively charged structures)

Eosinophil
Granuloycte; granules of this type of white blood cell take up the dye eosin

Ependymal cells
Cells which line the central cavity of the spinal cord and brain ventricles

Epicardium
Outer covering of the heart

Epidermis
The outer layer of the skin composed of stratified squamous epithelium

Epineurium
Connective tissue sheeth which surrounds a nerve

Epithelioreticular cells
Star shaped cells in the thymus which form a framework for lymphoctes

Epithelium
Basic tissue type which covers and lines body cavities and surfaces

Erythrocyte
Red blood cell

Erythropoiesis
Development of erythrocytes

Erythropoietin
Hormone made by the kidney which stimulates red blood cell production

Exocrine gland
Glands that secrete onto body surfaces or into body cavities

Exocytosis
Process by which particles are moved from the cell to the exterior

Extracellular matrix
The material in the space which is outside of cells

Fasicle
Bundle

Fenestrae
Pore or small opening

Fenestrated capillaries
Capillaries with pores

Fibroblast
Cell which secetes the fibers and ground substance of connective tissue

Fibrocartilage
A type of cartilage that has thick collagen fibers in the matrix

Fibrous astrocyte
Type of astrocyte more common in white matter

Fimbriae
Finger like extensions on the fallopian tube

Flagellum
Whiplike extension seen on some cells and bacteria for propulsion

Follicle
1. Structure within the ovary
2. Structure within thyroid gland
3. Portion of hair embedded in the skin

Formed elements
Red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets

Foot process
Pedicel; portion of a podocyte

Foreign body giant cell
Formed by the fusion of macrophages

Fundic glands
Type of gastric gland

Fusiform cell
Spindle shaped cell

Histology hint from Sarah Bellham: If you are studying histology or involved in health care, you need a medical dictionary. You may as well get one as early in your career as possible to maximize the benefit. I recommend: Stedman's Medical Dictionary or Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary, 30th Edition.